Intuition is similar to emotion in that it is something that guides us towards knowledge without conscious reasoning, but unlike emotion, it does not involve us entering another psychological state. It is, then, ‘purer’ than emotion, involving just an immediate awareness of something, often without realising why we have that awareness. The OED says…
the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning: we shall allow our intuition to guide us, a thing that one knows or considers likely from instinctive feeling rather than conscious reasoning: your insights and intuitions as a native speaker are positively sought
Intuition is associated with instinct, and innate knowledge, and is linked to ethics and knowing instinctively the ‘right’ and the ‘wrong’ way to behave. It is another of the new ways of knowing, and like faith is controversial, with some people believing that it isn’t a valid way of knowing,
but is only a combination of other ways of knowing such as memory, emotion, and sense perception.
Knowledge questions linked to intuition must start with whether it is indeed a valid way of knowing, in addition: To what extent does intuition provide us with reliable knowledge? What makes some people more intuitive than others? How important is intuition in ethical decision-making?