Knowledge framework for the arts
The ‘knowledge framework’ is designed to help students explore, discuss, and form an understanding of each of the eight areas of knowledge. The knowledge framework isn’t a formal element of the TOK essay or presentation (ie, it isn’t directly assessed); instead, it is designed to present various consideration points that that can then be used to compare and contrast the different areas of knowledge, as well as tying them to the ways of knowing.
1. Scope and applications
What is the social function of the arts? How many different forms does it encompass (eg literature, visual arts, music, dance, etc.)? What are their separate aims? To what extent are the arts influenced by the society and culture in which it is pursued? How important are the arts?
2. Concepts and language
How do we use language to express the knowledge found within the arts? To what extent does this differ according to different forms of the arts? Are there any central concepts for which we need specific language before approaching the arts?
Which ways of knowing do we use in order to connect with, and understand, the arts? Which ways of knowing do artists themselves use in order to create their works?
4. Historical development
How has our understanding and perception of the arts changed over time? How has the role of the arts within society developed? To what extent has the nature of the arts (for example, the different forms of the arts) changed? What relationship does today’s artistic world have with that of the past? (to paraphrase Newton, does it ‘stand on the shoulders of giants’?)
5. Links to personal knowledge
To what extent are you involved with the arts? How is your perception of the world, and your position it in, affected by the arts?